Many examples are given of the corruption of European government, in which the rulers are concerned only to gain power and money. Hythloday, again, has a counter: Because everyone accused of a crime conducts his own defense and there are no lawyers, justice is not conditional on whether he can afford a good lawyer.
Money The Utopian system, in common with that of Plato's Republic, is based on the premise that money corrupts government and destroys justice in rulership and happiness in society.
Second, many of the Utopians, Hythloday says, recognize the superiority of Christianity over their own religion and convert. The Utopians, in contrast to the English, train everyone in useful crafts.
Each city is divided into four equal parts. Active Themes Instead, Cardinal Morton asks Hythloday how he thinks thieves should be punished, if not by death. Hythloday uses this story to show how pointless it is to counsel a king when the king can always expect his other counselors to agree with his own beliefs or policies.
Jewels are worn by children, who finally give them up as they mature. The letters also explain the lack of widespread travel to Utopia; during the first mention of the land, someone had coughed during announcement of the exact longitude and latitude.
With strong words, he condemns the execution of thieves as unfair and ineffective, stating that it incites men to kill, since murder, carries the same penalty. He would rather make offenders useful, as slaves.
The lawyer and Hythloday have two conflicting ideas of justice. An irony underlying these arguments is that More the man would go on to approve the deaths of many Protestants as punishment for heresy in the years to come. His point is that small evils, when tolerated, grow into very big evils.
There are two aspects in which Europe is portrayed as more advanced than Utopia, and those are culture and access to Christianity. In Book I, Thomas More, through his mouthpiece, Hythloday, draws attention to the injustice of punishing thieves with the death penalty - a practice that continued in England into the nineteenth century.
Still, the Polylerites do seem more humane than the English, despite their inconsistencies. The resulting demonstration of his learning, invention, and wit established his reputation as one of the foremost humanists.
Legacy Though the triumph of Anglicanism brought about a certain eclipse of Thomas More, the publication of the state papers restored a fuller and truer picture of More, preparing public opinion for his beatification Next, Hythloday moves to a discussion of Utopian society, portraying a nation based on rational thought, with communal property, great productivity, no rapacious love of gold, no real class distinctions, no poverty, little crime or immoral behavior, religious tolerance, and little inclination to war.
In the Biblical tradition, a paradisiacal garden is imagined as surrounding the City of God in Heaven, and it is therefore a fitting location for three virtuous people to contemplate the perfect cities of Utopia.
Ultimately, authoritarianism is a strong feature of this model state. While not engaged in his official duties, More spends time conversing about intellectual matters with his friend, Peter Giles. Themes, Arguments, and Ideas The Limitations of Principles Because of his Humanist studies of classical philosophy, More had an ideal vision of morality that contrasted with the realities of his world, and one of the major goals of the Humanist movement was to integrate those ideals into real life.
In late or earlyMore married Joan Colt, the eldest daughter of an Essex gentleman farmer. To make his point, Hythloday describes a dinner he once shared in England with Cardinal Morton and a number of others.
Giles encourages Hythloday to become a political advisor in order to make his unique knowledge available to rulers; Hythloday suspects that a position as a counselor would force him to compromise his principles.
For them to receive money or weapons is death, for the receiver and giver alike; for a serving man to throw away his distinct clothes or to run away is likewise death. More frames Utopia with an account of a mission that Thomas More, the historical figure, really did undertake, thus adding a sense of reality to the fictional elements of his work.
In particular, the character of More should not be taken to hold the same views as Sir Thomas More himself. For the purpose of the following Summaries and Commentaries, the name More will refer to the fictional character while Sir Thomas More refers to the author.
Essay on Thomas More's Utopia as a Social Model Words | 6 Pages. Thomas More's Utopia as a Social Model In his famous work Utopia, Sir Thomas More describes the society and culture of an imaginary island on which all social ills have been cured. The word first occurred in Sir Thomas More’s Utopia, published in Latin as Libellus de optimo reipublicae statu, deque nova insula Utopia (; “Concerning the highest state of the republic and the new island Utopia”); it was compounded by More from the Greek words About his father.
The utopian theme: ideal society versus corrupt society The overriding theme of Utopia is the ideal nature of Utopian society in contrast with the corrupt European society of Thomas More's day.
“Utopia” (which in Greek means “nowhere”) is the name of More’s fictional island of perfected society. Thomas More’s “Utopia” was the first literary work in which the ideas of Communism appeared and was highly esteemed by all the humanists of Europe in More’s time.
Free Essay: Analysis of Thomas More's Utopia The historical Thomas More, the author of Utopia, was an extraordinarily complicated man who tied up all the.An analysis of the topic of sir thomas mores utopia